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The Flow of Rural Labor Force since 1997 in China
Author(s): 
Pages: 36-43
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: NANKAI JOURNAL(PHILOSOPHY,LITERATURE AND SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION)

Keyword:  城市农村劳动力流动非正规就业;
Abstract: 农村人口大规模向城市迁移流动,对我国经济发展和社会整合产生了深远影响.1997年以来我国农村劳动力流动出现了新特点:乡镇企业吸纳就业人员的能力下降;乡内就业比例逐年下降,省外就业比例和绝对数加大;从中、西部地区流向东部沿海发达地区和城市;流动的组织化程度明显提高;非正规部门成为吸纳流动劳动力的主要载体;生成了"新生代农村流动人口群"等.为科学、合理地从政策方面提高和促进农村剩余劳动力的有序流动,构建各种有利于流动的社会制度、为非正规就业提供必要的保障、提高农村劳动力的就业能力和素质等就成为必然的选择.
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