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Impact of Industrial Cluster on Firm Start-up Size and Survival:Analysis of SMEs in Liaoning Province
Author(s): 
Pages: 112-122
Year: Issue:  10
Journal: Economic Geography

Keyword:  industrial clusterfirm locationfirm start-up sizefirm survivalSMEsindustrial transformationNortheast Revitalization Strategy;
Abstract: Based on the cross-study of industry dynamics and economic geography, this paper takes the small-and medium-sized firms in Liaoning as the research object and uses geospatial analysis methods to figure out the spatial distribution characteristics of industrial clusters and firms locations, in order to construct the state variables and distance variables reflecting the position relationship. And then, on the precondition of firms’ heterogeneity, this paper uses the quantile regression and survival analysis to study the impact of industrial cluster on the firms’ start-up size and survival.The results demonstrate that most of SMEs in Liaoning are located in cluster and surrounding areas. Industrial clusters have a significant positive agglomeration effect, which could increase the firm start-up size and reduce its exit risk.Besides, with the increase of distance between the firm location and cluster area, the smaller the firm start-up size, the higher the exit risk. Those results provide scientific evidences for the rational planning of industrial spatial distribution and the improvement of industrial cluster level and competitiveness in Liaoning Province.
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