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Morphological Characteristics Identification and Adjustment of Typical Rural Settlements Based on Different Economic Gradient Regions
Author(s): 
Pages: 190-200
Year: Issue:  10
Journal: Economic Geography

Keyword:  economic gradientrural settlementfarmershomesteadcountryard space structureadjustmentrural revitalization strategy;
Abstract: Mengjin County in Henan province was selected in this article as a case to probe the differentiation characteristics of rural settlements within different economic gradient at county scale, trait elements related to rural settlements include landscape pattern and spatial adjacency, public infrastructure and residential interior structure,household production and living, and social hierarchy. The results show that the difference in resource endowment is an important factor in the diversification of economic pattern, the level of economic development impact their landscape patterns indirectly, land use types adjacent to rural residential areas reflect the interior functions and spatial connectivity is an important supporting condition for rural economic development. Affected by the"supporting financing capacity"of the village committee and different economic gradient, it has a big difference in the infrastructure construction level, and the residential structure of farmers is restrained by the natural environment and often matches the livelihood needs of farmers. The higher the economic development level of village, the stronger the influence of the urban lifestyle to the farmers, it shows a diversified trend of social communication network in economically developed areas, the problems of the elderly left behind, the left-behind children and the marriage difficulties of the aged young men are prevalent in traditional villages. Finally, coupling with the tendency of typical village evolution in different economic gradient areas,this article put forward the corresponding regulation and renovation measures and provide the decision-making reference in the implementation of rural revitalization strategy.
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