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Interpretation and Intelligibility:On Ricoeur’s Critique of Husserl’s Phenomenology
Pages: 100-107
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Nankai Journal(Philosophy,Literature and Social Science Edition)

Keyword:  InterpretationIntelligibilityPaul RicoeurHusserl’s Phenomenology;
Abstract: The development of philosophy from Kant to Husserl has been usually considered as a thematic transformation from things to the meaning or intelligibility of things. Husserl’s phenomenology argues through autonomy of consciousness that the intelligibility of things in consciousness determinates the meaning of things. Ricoeur agrees with Husserl on the argument that the investigation on meaning is taken as the theme of philosophical reflection, and claims that his hermeneutics is based on the prelinguistic life-world to which Husserl’s phenomenology is exhaustedly reduced.However, from Ricoeur’s perspective, the intelligibility of things is based on interpretation as the precondition: All understanding, which implies a transformation from what it means to the ideational meaning, premises interpreting; self-understanding or understanding others is also dependent on interpreting. More importantly, the giving-given structure of consciousness in Husserl’s argument is interpreted as an independent structure of texts: the giveness of meaning is contemplated as the distanciation from text, and the meaning-giving subject is viewed as the appropriateness of meaning. In this sense, the construction of a text is conceived as a dual progress of self-construction and meaning construction, which goes beyond the scientific world(which Kant relies on) and the pre-scientific world(which Husserl relies on), and justifies the autonomy of traditions, languages, and customs. Nevertheless, Ricoeur’s hermeneutics, along with Husserl’s phenomenology(which he had criticized) and Kant’s philosophy(which Husserl tried to surpass), is still based on the philosophical reflections and continuously in the course of philosophizing about self-understanding and self-reflecting.
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