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The Spread and Use of Muskets in Southwest China in the Middle and Later Years of Ming Dynasty
Pages: 139-150
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Nankai Journal(Philosophy,Literature and Social Science Edition)

Keyword:  MusketsSouthwest Chinathe Middle and Later Years of Ming Dynasty;
Abstract: Compared to the Southeastern coastal area and the area along the line of Great Wall, it was much later when muskets were introduced into the Southwestern area from Southeast Asia and other areas in China. However, once introduced, muskets were quickly used to equip the defense posts and the military force of the local minority ethnic group headmen in the Southwestern area, and broadly used in the Southwestern battlefields in the middle and later years of Ming dynasty. In the course of these, the central and local governments and those appointed civil and military officials in the Southwest had played significant roles. The spread and use of muskets in the Southwest had not only upgraded the level of military equipments there and strengthened the political control of that area by the central government of Ming dynasty, but also maintained the social stability and provided military protection for the ethnic merging and development there.
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