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Could Jobs-Housing Balance Relieve Traffic Congestion?——A Case Study of Shanghai Based on GIS Buffer
Author(s): 
Pages: 98-104
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Urban Planning Forum

Keyword:  commuting durationjobs-housing balanceGIS bufferShanghai;
Abstract: Job-housing imbalance is regarded by some scholars as one of the main reasons for long commuting time and traffic jams,while others question the proposition.One factor behind the divergent findings may be the measurement of jobs-housing balance.Previous studies were based on administrative spatial units,resulting in measurement inaccuracy owing to unequal unit sizes and fixed boundaries.To address this problem,this paper examines the relation between jobs-housing balance and commuting time by using the GIS buffer method based on 102 sub-districts (jiedao) in Shanghai.The results show that jobs-housing balance does affect commuting time significantly,and areas with jobs-housing ratio between 1.05-1.2 corresponds to the shortest commuting time for their residents.Thesc findings support the belief that jobs-housing balance helps reduce commuting time.
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