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General Education vs.Vocational Education:Retrospect and Prospect on China’s High School Education Policy
Pages: 130-134
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Academic Journal of Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Keyword:  high school educationgeneral vs.vocational educationeducation policyeconomic transition;
Abstract: Since China’s reform and opening up,its education sector has been made great progress,and provided the necessary human capital for the rapid economic growth.However,along with China’s entering the upper-middle income stage and disappearance of the demographic dividend,the existing accumulation and structure of human capital can no longer match the current industrial structure adjustment and economic transition.For purpose of increasing the level of human capital and optimizing the structure of human capital,the key sector of adjusting education policies is the senior high school,not only because the nineyear compulsory education has been basically popularized,but also because the senior high school is the beginning of education diversion for general education and vocational education.China’s compulsory education should be extended to 12 years,which can ensure popularizing high school education and improving the overall level of human capital.Moreover,general high school education and general human capital should be further enhanced so as to increase the match between human capital and industry structure in the period of economic transition.
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