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Recluse Scholars in the Wei-Jin Period and Their Moral Nature
Author(s): 
Pages: 21-28,53
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: NANKAI JOURNAL

Keyword:  魏晋隐士山林之隐朝隐田园之隐;
Abstract: 魏晋士人的隐逸之风与当时的时局有直接的关系,并受到社会思潮玄学的影响,也与士人的性格有关.魏晋士人隐逸不仅人数多,而且隐逸方式多样.此时有三种隐逸:山林之隐、朝隐、田园之隐.不同的隐逸方式表现了士人不同的品格和追求.真正的隐逸其实是难做到的.山林之隐需忍受艰苦的生活,只有少数人能坚持下来;朝隐则将出世与入仕相结合,既不失利禄又可获得隐逸的清高,一些人以朝隐标榜"高雅”;一些人则以朝隐避祸保身,朝隐者算不上隐士.陶渊明隐居田园,淡薄名利,返朴归真,以其高洁的人格成为古代隐士的榜样.
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