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zhong guo zao qi jian cha xue shuo chu tan
Author(s): 
Pages: 69-73
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Academic Journal of Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Keyword:  法家学派监察制度封建监察韩非子御史商君书地主阶级监督机制封建政权同体监督;
Abstract: 商鞅学派和韩非子的监察学说,属于中国早期的法学、政治学理论范畴.本文阐说了这一学说赖以产生的历史背景,剖析了它的基本内涵.作者认为:春秋战国时代,封建政权正处在结构转换的阶段,为解决官僚制度的种种弊端,逐步形成了以御史衙门为标志的封建监察制度.法家学派论证了确立监察制度的必要性和紧迫性,并为监督机制的建立健全出谋划策,有些观点是颇有见地的.法家监察学说的诞生,顺应了地主阶级以法治代替礼制的时代潮流,然而,其学说在根本宗旨上的失误和关于监督机制的某些狭隘看法,明显表现出阶级偏见和历史局限性.
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