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The Scholars and the Ming Dynasty
Author(s): 
Pages: 90-96
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Oriental Forum

Keyword:  The ScholarsHongwu ReignYongle ReignGao QiWei and Jin demeanorassociation formed by men of letters;
Abstract: 《儒林外史》与明代社会关系密切.吴敬梓何以厚洪武而薄永乐,是和洪武朝礼乐制度的建立有关,而永乐篡位本身即是对周礼的违背,且自此之后,礼乐制度废弛.高启桀骜不驯,其性格与魏晋人物类似,吴敬梓推崇六朝,但由文中所及《高青丘文集》看,吴敬梓对高启极为熟悉,从其个人及文中王冕行迹看,吴敬梓及其创作受高启影响更大.明代文人结社之风盛行,清代对于明人结社态度多为否定,吴敬梓当受特定时代思潮影响,对文人结社也比较反对.《儒林外史》涉及文人结社颇多,且多为反面,这一现象当与吴敬梓个人态度有关.
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