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An Economic Analysis of Externalities and the Solutions--A Comment on Pigou and Coase on the Same Effect
Author(s): 
Pages: 45-48
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: NANKAI ECONOMIC STUDIES

Keyword:  外部性边际交易费用效果一致性;
Abstract: 外部性是一种经常出现的经济现象.外部性的存在意味着资源的非帕累托最优配置,克服外部性始终是一个十分棘手而又重要的问题.庇古认为,应该通过政府出面,以税收和补贴的方式解决;科斯则从产权界定和交易出发,提出应以市场的方式解决.本文认为,对外部性的解决,应该以政府边际交易费用和市场边际交易费用的相对大小出发,提出相应的解决方案;在零交易费用情况下,科斯与庇古的思路具有效果一致性.
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