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Agricultural Production in the Capital Environs in the Early Ming Dynasty
Author(s): 
Pages: 30-34
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: NANKAI JOURNAL(PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION)

Keyword:  京畿垦荒军屯兴修水利迁都卫边;
Abstract: 明初京畿地区农业状况,是涉及明朝政治、军事、经济发展的重大问题.明初统治者采取一系列诸如移民垦荒、军事屯田、兴办水利、提倡种植经济作物和减免赋役,实施赈济等一系列措施,使遭受长期战乱而残破的京畿地区农业经济得到了恢复,在耕地面积、人口数目和赋税额数等方面都有相当大的增加.这为明朝建都北京和北部边境的防御,提供了必要的物质基础,同时也为明代中后期及整个清代环渤海地区经济的振兴,准备了条件.
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