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The Negative Problem of Huineng's Inscription Written by Liu Zongyuan
Author(s): 
Pages: 130-135
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Academic Journal Graduate School Chinese Academy o

Keyword:  柳宗元 大鉴碑 负问题 和谐;
Abstract: 王维、柳宗元、刘禹锡都为惠能作过碑铭,与王、刘二《碑》把"法衣"与"顿悟"放在十分突出的位置不同,"柳《碑》"只字未提这两项惠能六祖地位及禅法特色的重要标志,这是"柳《碑》"中最大的"负问题"。中唐时期,"法衣"之争、"顿渐"之别,是禅宗南北两派争斗的焦点,"顿悟"也是横隔禅宗与教宗的一条鸿沟,还是影响儒佛关系的一个重要因素,因此,柳宗元在"凡言禅皆本曹溪"的形势下,借奉诏为惠能撰写碑铭的机会,本着"黜异蹈中"的原则,有意避开"法衣"与"顿悟"这两个敏感字眼,重点申明惠能禅的"中道"立场与"性善"特征,从而实现其会通禅宗南北、会通禅教,进而会通儒释之目的。"柳《碑》"中的"负问题"正是柳宗元和谐佛教观的集中体现。
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