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Analysis of Micro finance Credit Loan Projects in Tongren in Guizhou Province
Author(s): 
Pages: 22-32
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: NANKAI ECONOMIC STUDIES

Keyword:  小额贷款亚行试点无担保信贷不对称信息均衡利率;
Abstract: 亚洲开发银行在贵州省铜仁地区开展了试点的小额信贷项目,针对没有可供抵押担保财产的借款农户,尝试回答农户为什么接受不同的借款利率;为何基本上与农行等正规金融机构没有借贷关系?基于信息分布设定的Bardhan和Udry简化模型,分析表明:无担保小额贷款合约实际上体现了委托代理关系;不同信息条件的借款方保留收益借贷均衡及利率起决定作用.农户间互借口头合约确立时已认可借款方存在"收成"及还款的不确定性;有储蓄余额农户的低保留收益导致利率近似为零;在借款需求无法被亲友间低利率储蓄转移满足的情况下,将出现亲友间借贷与农信社小额信贷两种信用关系并存,后者因不对称信息和高保留收益导致较高的均衡利率;各商业银行的巨大保留导致无法与农户达成无抵押担保借款合约.
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